Each year nearly 30% of adolescents suffer from bunions where non-operative forms of management, such as modifications in footwear or orthotics, are incapable of preventing bunion growth; making surgery much more common. According to research published in the Journal of Children’s Orthopaedics, these surgeries have seen improvements over the years when it comes to their outcomes. In a series of studies, the average age of these surgeries was 14.5 years old, while females had males ten to one for adolescent hallux valgus surgery. Accordingly, 90% of surgical outcomes were excellent while the overall complication rate was 22% and the recurrence rate was 8%.
Bunion surgery usually occurs after non-surgical methods have proved to be ineffective. If you have any concerns contact Dr. Rhonda L. Nelson of The Podiatry Care Center. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.
What is a Bunion?
A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs by the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.
Why do Bunions Form?
· Genetics – susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary
· Stress on the feet – poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can cause bunions to form
How are Bunions Diagnosed?
Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.
How are Bunions Treated?
· Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
· Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
· Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
· Orthotics or foot inserts
If you have any concerns please feel free to contact our office located in Glenn Dale, MD. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.