Monday, 14 March 2016 10:47

How Pronation Affects the Risk of Running Injuries

runningIf you’re going to do a lot of physical activity, make sure you have the proper equipment and footwear. A process when the foot rolls inward when a person runs or walks, called pronation, determines if feet are prone to injury. Overpronation and underpronation are especially dangerous, so make sure to get the proper footwear. Look for shoes that are comfortable and add support and stability. Neutral shoes are ideal for those who have slight pronation, and stability shoes are better for overpronation. The American Podiatric Medical Association recommends that those who have low arches should look for “a shoe designed for motion control and stability,” while those with normal arches should choose a shoe with “equal stability and cushioning for shock-absorption.” Those with high arches should search for more flexibility in shoes.

The right running shoe is essentially different for every person. If you have any concerns contact The Podiatry Care Center from Dr. Rhonda Nelson. Our doctor will diagnose and treat your foot and ankle needs.

Choosing the Right Running Shoes for Your Foot Type

Running is a physical activity although fun, can put a lot of stress on the joints, bones and ligaments of the body. Injury and stress on the foot can be an important factor on which kind of shoe you’re wearing. Running shoes should be worn based on your foot type. It is important to find out what fits you based on cushioning, stability and motion.

Determining your type

Speak with a shoe specialist or retail professional to see what your foot type is. They will be able to identify and measure your arch type, stride and gait.

Running Mechanics

When you are running or walking in your shoes, every step determines how your foot is landing. Pronation is the natural rolling of your ankle from outside to inside during foot strike.

Pronation is a correct form of walking or running. It helps absorb shock and store energy from your lower extremities. Neutral runners who pronate correctly do not need specific shoes, since they have stability and control.


Those who run with excessive ankle rolling. Over-pronators tend to have ankles that angle inward, flat feet, and or bowed legs. This can cause a series of injuries: of the knees, ankles and Achilles tendons.


Under-pronation is less common than over-pronation. This usually happens to those who have inflexible feet and high arches. Even though there is less rotational stress on the ankles and knees, it prevents any kind of shock absorptions. Under-pronation needs shoes with increase in cushion and flexibility.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Glenn Dale, MD. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about choosing the right running shoe

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